Hello reader! In this chapter, let us delve into the concept of possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives, their meanings, rules, and some examples related to them. Let’s get started!
- It is his car.
- That group invited me to their party.
It is interesting to note that possessive pronouns are also similar to possessive adjectives, which describe the possessions of a noun in the sentence. For example,
That car is mine / That is my car. (The word ‘mine’ is an adjective while ‘my’ is a pronoun).
Possessive Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives
A thin line of difference exists between possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives. The following are the differences between the two for the three persons of personal pronouns.
|Possessive Pronouns||Possessive Adjectives|
|My, Our||Mine, Ours|
|His, Her, Its, Their||His, Hers, its, theirs|
Rule: A common confusion exists while writing the possessive pronoun. That is the presence of an apostrophe (‘) and s to the pronoun while describing the possessive case. However, while writing about the possession of any pronoun, ‘s should not be used. Let us see this example.
- The dress is her’s (Incorrect) /// The dress is hers (Correct).
- The box is missing it’s lid (Incorrect) /// The box is missing its lid (Correct).
- Is that pen your’s? (Incorrect) /// Is that pen yours? (Correct).
Difference between It’s and Its
Another area where many people make a mistake is between the use of it’s and Its. As discussed above, it’s is a contracted form of it is, and its is a possessive pronoun. For a clear explanation on this and for more examples, see this article on its vs it’s.
In the same manner,
- Their = Belonging to them /// They’re = they are
- Your = belonging to you /// You’re = You are
- Whose = Belonging to who /// Who’s = Who is